Enhanced Performance of Amplify and Forward Cooperative OFDM System in a Hostile Environment
Keywords: Cooperative OFDM (CO-OFDM), Bit error rate (BER), Amplify and forward (AF), Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), Zero-Forcing equalizer (ZF)
AbstractThis paper introduces a cooperative orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) based on amplify and forward (AF) relay and utilizing a fast low complexity T-transform as a subcarriers modulation scheme. The proposed cooperative system is developed by changing the modulation/demodulation algorithms which significantly enhanced the immunity of the system to deep notches of the multipath channels. Thereafter, the paper presents a mathematical analytic model for the proposed amplify and forward CO-T-OFDM scheme. The use of T-transform in the transceiver of the proposed system enhances the signal diversity. Therefore, the presented AF cooperative system is efficient in enhancing the signal diversity, mitigating the effects of multipath fading channels and achieving more reliable bit-error-rate (BER) performance than the state-of-the-art cooperative system. It also moderates the peaks power of the signal. The BER of the developed AF cooperative system is evaluated by Monte Carlo simulation over frequency-selective multipath channels when AF relay is used, and compared with the BER performance of the standard AF cooperative system. The results show that the developed AF cooperative technology achieves better BER than the classic CO-OFDM under different transmission scenarios.