Optimum Design Of Silo Structures

  • Alaa C. Ghaleb Department of Civil Engineering, University of Basrah
  • Tahseen A . Abdali Department of Civil Engineering, University of Basrah
Keywords: Optimization, Janssen theory, Design, ACI code, MATLAB


This paper deals with the problem of optimal design of reinforced concrete silos using
genetic algorithms and minimizing the maximum objective method. The study provides two
types of concrete silos circular and rectangular. Janssen theory method is used to analyze the
structure design of silos. The cost function represents the cost of concrete, steel, and formwork
for the silos. The design variables are taken such as diameter, long wall, short wall, height of
cylinder and box for circular & rectangular silo respectively with free board, depth of the
hopper, thickness of the wall, dimensions of ring beam, thickness of slab, angles of incline of
the hopper and the amounts of reinforcement for silos. The formulation of the problem is
according to ACI (313-97) code and is carried out by using a toolbox of MATLAB program.
The change of design capacity related to total cost approximately linearly. The effect of the
change of the concrete grade, unit price of steel and concrete, and finally the unit cost of
formwork leads to increasing the total cost, while changing the steel grade leads to decreasing
the total cost of both types of silo