Reduction of Peak to Average Power Ratio in OFDM System Using Discrete Cosine Transform Technique
Keywords: OFDM, eak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR), IEEE 802.11a, Rayleigh Fading channel, Discrete Cosine Transform, Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN)
AbstractOrthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a form of multi-carrier
modulation technique with high spectral efficiency, robustness to channel fading and
immunity to impulse interference. Recently, it is being used for both wireless and wired high
data rate communications. Despite of its many advantages, OFDM has a main drawback,
namely high Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR).High PAPR causes saturation in power
amplifiers, and leads to inter-modulation products among the sub carriers and disturbing out
of band energy. Therefore, it is desirable to reduce the PAPR. In this paper we used Inverse
Discrete Cosine Transform (IDCT) technique in the transmitter side to reduce PAPR problem.
The use of this technique in the output of Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT) stage gave
good results toward reduction PAPR. The receiver side includes Discrete Cosine Transform to
achieve correct detection. Computer simulation tests have been applied on IEEE 802.11a
standard as OFDM practical system with the proposed method .The results exhibit the ability
of such techniques to reduce the PAPR with no major effect on the system performance as
compared with the conventional OFDM technique.