Journal Policies

Publication Ethics and Integrity

The journal adheres strictly to ethical guidelines set forth by international scholarly and publishing organizations. Plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, and other unethical practices are strictly prohibited.

Authorship and Originality

Authors submitting manuscripts are expected to ensure that their work is original and has not been published elsewhere. Proper attribution of sources and collaboration is encouraged, and all authors must have contributed significantly to the research.

Peer Review Process

The journal employs a rigorous peer review process to evaluate the quality, validity, and significance of submitted manuscripts. Reviewers' comments are used to make informed decisions on acceptance, revision, or rejection.

Conflicts of Interest

Authors, reviewers, and editors are required to disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the publication process. Transparency in this regard is crucial to maintaining the integrity of the scholarly review process.

Data Transparency and Reproducibility

Authors should provide accurate and transparent data, methods, and protocols, allowing for the reproducibility of their findings. Data fabrication or manipulation is strictly prohibited.

Open Access

The journal supports open access principles, aiming to make quality research freely accessible to a global audience. Authors may have the option to publish under open access licenses.

Copyright and Licensing

Authors retain copyright of their work while granting the journal the right to publish and distribute the manuscript. Proper attribution and licensing terms are applied

Retractions and Corrections

The journal is committed to rectifying errors promptly and transparently. In cases of serious misconduct or errors, retractions may be issued in accordance with established guidelines.

Editorial Independence

The journal operates with editorial autonomy and is free from any external influence or interference. Editorial decisions are based solely on the quality and significance of the research.

Appeals and Complaints

A transparent procedure is in place for authors and readers to submit appeals or complaints regarding editorial decisions, review processes, or ethical concerns.